Justice is an integral part of a civilized society. In fact, it is justice that makes a difference between humans and animals. Without justice, there will be chaos in society and no one will live a peaceful life.
Every department has its own rules and regulations and the violators of these rules get punishments according to the law. Like every other major department, Pakistan Military has its own judiciary system to provide justice. In this article, you will know about the brief history of the Pakistan Military Justice system and its way of working.
Military courts were initially introduced to try civilians for certain terrorism-related acts in January 2015 to the Pakistan Army act, 1952. These courts were active for a period of two years.
The purpose of a separate Military Justice system is to promote and ensure military discipline and order in Pakistan. In a civilian court, a unanimous decision is needed for the final conviction or verdict but in a Military court, only two-thirds of the military panel is required to secure a decision.
The Pakistan Military Justice system is basically divided into three alike service laws. Such as:
The Pakistan Army Act (1952)
The Pakistan Air Force Act (1953)
The Pakistan Navy Ordinance (1961)
Pakistan Military Ordinance Act
The acts are controlled by individual services under the central supervision of the Ministry of Defense. Pakistan army has a four-tier system while the air force and navy have three-tier systems. The first two levels of all three systems are the general courts-martial and district courts-martial.
The third level consists of field general courts-martial in the Pak army and Air force and the equivalent summary general courts-martial in the Pakistan navy. The army has an extra level which is usually known as the summary courts-martial.
The sentences of a military court must be approved by the commanding general of the concerned organization. In the Pakistan Military Justice System, every decision is taken by the vote of the majority of members of the court.
In rare cases, if the number of votes is even then, according to the law, the decision is done in the favor of the accused. Although there is a right to appeal the judgment within the Military court no civilian court has the right to question the judgment of the Military court.
When a military person commits a crime, the government has the authority to decide whether military courts or civilian courts have jurisdiction. Military courts can give almost all kinds of sentences even including death sentences. Sentences of imprisonment are served in military prisons.
Despite having great importance in Pakistan’s Military Justice System, there are roughly Eleven military courts set up in Pakistan. Out of these 11 courts, three are in KP, three in Punjab, two in Sindh, and one in Balochistan.